Chicago Citation Examples

Some General Rules

Note and Bibliographic Entry Examples

Note:

  • The information presented in this guide is based on:
    The University of Chicago Press, The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.
  • Copies of this manual can be found in most academic libraries and are available for sale at university bookstores.
  • Please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style Online or the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide for many additional examples of citing different types of materials.
  • Please contact the library if you have any citation-related questions.

Some General Rules

Which Style?

  • APA, MLA and Chicago
    There are three major styles used when citing works—American Psychological Association (APA) style, Modern Language Association (MLA) style and the style taken from the Chicago Manual of Style (for the purpose of this guide will be referred to as Chicago). APA is the preferred style for social sciences such as business, psychology, and sociology. MLA is the preferred style for humanities-related areas such as literature. Chicago is the preferred style for history and the publishing industry.

    Be aware that all students in UMUC's Graduate School of Management & Technology must use the APA style of citation.
  • Chicago Style
    The Chicago style allows for two different types of reference styles: the Author-Date System and the Notes-Bibliography (or Humanities) Style. Traditionally, those in the humanities and social sciences (including history) use the Notes-Bibliography Style, and those in the sciences use the Author-Date System. Below are guidelines for citing Web-based resources as notes in the Notes-Bibliography Style.
  • Turabian Style
    Turabian style is often mentioned in conjunction with the Chicago style. Turabian is a simplified version of the Chicago style and was developed specifically for students who are writing papers, unlike Chicago, which was originally developed for publishers. Turabian is the popular name of the writing style. (The full title of the handbook is A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, but it is usually referred to by the last name of its author, Kate L. Turabian, who developed it for the University of Chicago). See the Turabian Quick Guide for many additional examples of citing different types of materials. Please note that UMUC uses Chicago style, not Turabian.

Bibliography and Reference Lists

If a bibliography or reference list is required, the format for the bibliography or reference list differs from notes in the following ways: authors' names are inverted, the citations are listed alphabetically by author's last name (by title if no author), elements of entries are separated by periods not commas, the first line of each entry is flush with the left margin, and subsequent lines are indented three or four spaces.

Type

Example

Note

In the text:
Use superscript 1 for endnote and footnote numbers in the text.

He concluded that the book "will stimulate thought about important questions. Swallowed whole, its effects would be disastrous."1

In the note:
The note number is followed by a period and space.

1. John Maynard Smith, "The Origin of Altruism," Nature 393, no. 6686 (1998): 639-40.

Bibliographic entry

Smith, John Maynard. "The Origin of Altruism." Nature 393, no. 6686 (1998): 639–40.

Authors

Number of Authors

Example

One author

Note:

Wendy Doniger

Bibliographic entry:

Doniger, Wendy

Two authors

Note:

Guy Cowlishaw and Robin Dunbar

Bibliographic entry:

Cowlishaw, Guy and Robin Dunbar

Three authors

Note:

Graeme K. Deans, Fritz Kroeger and Stefan Zeisel

Bibliographic entry:

Deans, Graeme K., Fritz Kroeger and Stefan Zeisel

Four or more authors

Note:

Edward O. Laumann et al.

Bibliographic entry:

Same as three authors. List all in the bibliography.

Group author

Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees

No authors listed

Begin with the title.

Undated Sources

Date

Example

No date given

n.d.

Note Numbers

The number of the citation. In Chicago Notes-Bibliography style, citation notes are listed numerically.

Ibid. (Latin, short for ibidem, meaning "the same place")

Please note: The use of Ibid. is discouraged in the 17th ed. of the Chicago Manual of Style.

The first time a source is cited, give the complete information as in the above example. However, for the second and next consecutive reference to the same source (with the same page number) use Ibid. If the reference is the same, but the page is not, add the page number, like this: Ibid., 44.

For subsequent reference to the same source, but later in the paper, use an abbreviated version of the reference, using the author's last name, a shortened version of the title, and the page number. For example: Deans, Kroeger, and Zeisel, HBR, 21.

Citing a Source within a Source

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

You read a book by Costello that cites an earlier article by Zukofsky. You want to cite Zukofsky's article, but have not read Zukofsky's article itself.

Note:

7. Louis Zukofsky, "Sincerity and Objectification," Poetry 37 (February 1931):269, quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981), 78.

Bibliographic entry:

Zukofsky, Louis."Sincerity and Objectification." Poetry 37 (February 1931):269. Quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981, 78.

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Articles

Academic Journals

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Library database

Article with DOI:

Note:

2. Miriam Schoenfield, "Moral vagueness is ontic vagueness," Ethics 126, no. 2 (2016): 260, https://doi-org.exproxy.umuc.edu/10.1086/683541.

Bibliographic entry:

Schoenfield, Miriam. "Moral vagueness is ontic vagueness." Ethics 126, no. 2 (2016): 257-282. https://doi-org.exproxy.umuc.edu/10.1086/683541.

Article with a stable or permanent link:

Note:

3. William Maiben, “A Tombeau for John Lennon, 1940-1980,” Perspectives of New Music 19, no. 1/2 (Autumn 1980-Summer 1981): 533, http://www.jstor.org/stable/832614.

Bibliographic entry:

Maiben, William. “A Tombeau for John Lennon, 1940-1980.” Perspectives of New Music 19, no. 1/2 (Autumn 1980-Summer 1981): 533. http://www.jstor.org/stable/832614.

No DOI or stable or permanent link, use the database name:

Note:

4. Niki Pantelli and Robert Tucker, "Power and Trust in Global Virtual Teams," Communications of the ACM 52, no. 12 (2009): 113-115, accessed April 20, 2010, Business Source Complete.

Bibliographic entry:

Pantelli, Niki and Robert Tucker. "Power and Trust in Global Virtual Teams." Communications of the ACM 52, no. 12 (2009): 113-115. Business Source Complete.

Free Web

Article with a DOI:

Note:

6. Patrick G. P. Charles et al., “SMART-COP: A Tool for Predicting the Need for Intensive Respiratory or Vasopressor Support in Community-Acquired Pneumonia,” Clinical Infectious Diseases 47, no. 3 (August 1, 2008): 377, doi:10.1086/589754.

Bibliographic entry:

Charles, Patrick G. P. et al. “SMART-COP: A Tool for Predicting the Need for Intensive Respiratory or Vasopressor Support in Community-Acquired Pneumonia.” Clinical Infectious Diseases 47, no. 3 (August 1, 2008): 377. doi:10.1086/589754.

Article without a DOI, use URL:

Note:

7. Mark A. Hlatky et al., "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Trial," Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (2002), http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo.

Bibliographic entry:

Hlatky, Mark A., Derek Boothroyd, Eric Vittinghoff, Penny Sharp, and Mary A. Whooley. "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Trial." Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (2002). http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo.

In print

Note:

8. John Maynard Smith, "The Origin of Altruism," Nature 393, no. 6686 (1998): 639-40.

Bibliographic entry:

Smith, John Maynard. "The Origin of Altruism." Nature 393, no. 6686 (1998): 639-40.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Tips:

  • Author—The author(s) of the article. Authors' names are given as they are found in articles. If no author is given, then the article title should be listed first, followed by the date.
  • Article title—The title of the article. The article title should be capitalized headline style and put in quotation marks in notes and reference lists.
  • Journal/magazine title—The title of the journal or magazine in which the article was published. The journal title should be italicized and capitalized headline style in notes and reference lists.
  • Volume and issue—Include this information if it is provided for journals.
  • Date—The year, sometimes preceded by an exact date, a month, or a season, appears in parentheses after the volume and issue data.
  • Pagination—In notes, only specific pages need be cited (Unless the article as a whole is referred to). Use start and end pages, if provided (e.g. 60–79)in reference lists.
  • Date of access—No longer required in the CMOS, but can be included after page number(s).
  • Article URL—If the article is from a library database and has a DOI or a stable or permanent URL, use that; if not, use the database name.

Magazines

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Library database

Article with a stable or permanent link:

Note:

8. Carla Joinson, "Managing Virtual Teams," HRMagazine, June 2002, 68, http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=6759491&login.asp&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Bibliographic entry:

Joinson, Carla. "Managing Virtual Teams." HRMagazine, June 2002, 68. http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=6759491&login.asp&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Article without a stable or permanent link, use the database name:

Note:

9. Judith A. Ross, "Trust Makes the Team Go 'Round," Harvard Management Update, June 2006, 3, Business Source Complete.

Bibliographic entry:

Ross, Judith A. "Trust Makes the Team Go 'Round." Harvard Management Update, June 2006, 3. Business Source Complete.

Free Web

Include the URL (or DOI if available) at the end of the citation.

Note:

10. Stephen Lacey, "The New German Style," Horticulture, March 2000, 44-50, http://www.hortmag.com/weekly-tips/garden-design/the_new_german_style.

Bibliographic entry:

Lacey, Stephen. "The New German Style." Horticulture, March 2000, 44-50. http://www.hortmag.com/weekly-tips/garden-design/the_new_german_style.

In print

Note:

29. Steve Martin, "Sports-Interview Shocker," New Yorker, May 6, 2002, 84.

Bibliographic entry:

Martin, Steve. "Sports-Interview Shocker." New Yorker, May 6, 2002, 84.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Tip:

  • Date—Magazines citations differ from academic journal citations in that they are cited by date only. Volume and issue numbers are not included.

Newspapers

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Library database

Article with a stable or permanent link:

Note:

11. David Ignatius, "Avoiding Another 'Slam-Dunk'," The Washington Post, May 24, 2006, http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/docview/410022218?accountid=14580.

Bibliographic entry:

Ignatius, David. "Avoiding Another 'Slam-Dunk'." The Washington Post, May 24, 2006. http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/docview/410022218?accountid=14580.

Article without a stable or permanent link, use the database name:

Note:

13. Eleena de Lisser, "Update on Small Business: Firms With Virtual Environments Appeal to Workers." Wall Street Journal, October 5, 1999, ProQuest Newspapers.

Bibliographic entry:

de Lisser, Eleena. "Update on Small Business: Firms With Virtual Environments Appeal to Workers." Wall Street Journal, October 5, 1999. ProQuest Newspapers.

Free Web

Include the URL (or DOI if available) at the end of the citation.

Note:

14. Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Robert Pear, “Wary Centrists Posing Challenge in Health Care Vote,” New York Times, February 27, 2010, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/28/us/politics/28health.html.

Bibliographic entry:

Stolberg, Sheryl Gay and Robert Pear. “Wary Centrists Posing Challenge in Health Care Vote.” New York Times, February 27, 2010. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/28/us/politics/28health.html.

In print

Note:

10. William S. Niederkorn, "A Scholar Recants on His 'Shakespeare' Discovery," New York Times, June 20, 2002, Arts section, Midwest edition.

Bibliographic entry:

Niederkorn, William S."A Scholar Recants on His 'Shakespeare' Discovery." New York Times, June 20, 2002, Arts section, Midwest edition.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Tips:

  • Author—The author(s) of the article. If no author is given, then the article title should be listed first.
  • Newspaper title—The title of the newspaper in which the article was published. The newspaper title should be italicized.
  • Month, day, year—The date the article was published.
  • Edition—If given.
  • Article URL—If the article is from a library database and has a DOI or a stable or permanent URL, use that, if not, use the database name.

Encyclopedia Articles

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Library database

Article with a stable or permanent link:

Note:

15. Britannica Online, s.v. “Salish,” by John Smith, accessed September 12, 2004, http://www.eb.com:180/cgi-bin/g?DocF=micro/520/47.html.

Bibliographic entry:

Britannica Online. s.v. “Salish.” By John Smith. Accessed September 12, 2004. http://www.eb.com:180/cgi-bin/g?DocF=micro/520/47.html.

Article without a stable or permanent link, use the database name:

See example.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Book, Film, and Product Reviews

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Library database

Article with a stable or permanent link:

Note:

1. James Gorman, "Endangered Species," review of The Last American Man, by Elizabeth Gilbert, New York Times Book Review, June 2, 2002, 16, http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=29300892&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Bibliographic entry:

Gorman, James. "Endangered Species." Review of The Last American Man, by Elizabeth Gilbert. New York Times Book Review, June 2, 2002, 16. http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=29300892&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Article without a stable or permanent link, use the database name:

See example.

In print

Note:

1. James Gorman, "Endangered Species," review of The Last American Man, by Elizabeth Gilbert, New York Times Book Review, June 2, 2002, 16.

Bibliographic entry:

Gorman, James. "Endangered Species." Review of The Last American Man, by Elizabeth Gilbert. New York Times Book Review, June 2, 2002, 16.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Tip:

  • Review name—The title of the review (if given) follows the author's name. The name of the work reviewed and the author of the work then follow.

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Books

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Basic book

Note:

1. Wendy Doniger, Splitting the Difference (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), 65.

Bibliographic entry:

Doniger, Wendy. Splitting the Difference. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Edited or translated book

Note:

4. Homer, The Iliad of Homer, trans. Richmond Lattimore, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951), 91–92.

Bibliographic entry:

Homer. The Iliad of Homer. Translated by Richmond Lattimore. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Numbered edition other than the first

Note:

22. William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style, 4th ed. (New York: Allyn and Bacon, 2000), 10.

Bibliographic entry:

Strunk, William, Jr., and E. B. White. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. New York: Allyn and Bacon, 2000.

Reprint edition

Note:

23. Jacques Barzun, Simple and Direct: A Rhetoric for Writers, rev. ed. (1985; repr., Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994), 152-53.

Bibliographic entry:

Barzun, Jacques. Simple and Direct: A Rhetoric for Writers. Rev. ed. 1985. Reprint, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Multi-volume set

Note:

37. Sewell Wright, Evolution and the Genetics of Populations, vol. 2, Theory of Gene Frequencies (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969), 129.

Bibliographic entry:

Wright, Sewell. Evolution and the Genetics of Populations. Vol. 2, Theory of Gene Frequencies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

Chapter or article in an anthology

Note:

5. Andrew Wiese, "'The House I Live In': Race, Class, and African American Suburban Dreams in the Postwar United States," in The New Suburban History, ed. Kevin M. Kruse and Thomas J. Sugrue (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006), 101–2.

Bibliographic entry:

Wiese, Andrew. "'The House I Live In': Race, Class, and African American Suburban Dreams in the Postwar United States." In The New Suburban History, edited by Kevin M. Kruse and Thomas J. Sugrue 99-163. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Tips:

  • Author—The author(s) of the book. If no author is given, then begin with the book title.
  • Book title—The title of the book.
  • Publisher, year— The name of the publisher followed by the year the book was published.

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E-Books

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Library database

Ebook with a DOI or stable or permanent link:

Note:

6. Leonard Barkan, Mute Poetry, Speaking Pictures (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013), http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.umuc.edu /login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=503029&site=eds-live&scope=site&profile=edsebook

Bibliographic entry:

Barkan, Leonard. Mute Poetry, Speaking Pictures. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013. http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.umuc.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=nlebk&AN=503029&site=eds-live&scope=site&profile=edsebook

Ebook without a DOI or stable or permanent link, use the database name:

Note:

1. Amanat Hussain, Managing Operational Risk in Financial Markets (Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000), Books24x7.

Bibliographic entry:

Hussain, Amanat. Managing Operational Risk in Financial Markets. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000. Books24x7.

Free Web

E-book with a DOI:

Note:

1. Elliot Antokoletz, Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008), doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365825.001.0001.

Bibliographic entry:

Antokoletz, Elliot. Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365825.001.0001.

E-Book without a DOI, use the URL:

Note:

2. Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds., The Founders’ Constitution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.

Bibliographic entry:

Kurland, Philip B. and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.

Book chapter from a library database

Suggested format:

Ebook with a DOI or stable or permanent link, use DOI or stable link:

Note:

5. Peter Barker, "Scientists of the Past" in World Almanac and Book of Facts (New York: World Almanac Education Group, 2006), 229-31, http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=28821189&login.asp&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Bibliographic entry:

Barker, Peter. "Scientists of the Past." In World Almanac and Book of Facts. New York: World Almanac Education Group, 2006. http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=28821189&login.asp&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Ebook without a DOI or stable or permanent link, use the database name:

See example.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Tips:

  • Author—The author(s) of the book. If no author is given, then begin with the book title.
  • Book title—The title of the book.
  • Publisher, year— The name of the publisher followed by the year the book was published.

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Web Sites

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Web Sites

If the Web site has a date:

Note:

1. Google, “Google Privacy Policy,” last modified May 25, 2018, https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=en.

Bibliographic entry:

Google. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified May 25, 2018. https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=en.

If no date is found, use the date you accessed the Web site:

Note:

2. “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts,” McDonald’s Corporation, accessed July 19, 2008, http://www.mcdonalds.com/corp/about/factsheets.html.

Bibliographic entry:

McDonald’s Corporation. “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts.” Accessed July 19, 2008. http://www.mcdonalds.com/corp/about/factsheets.html.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

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Online Classroom Materials (Suggested Format)

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

A document in an online classroom

Note:

3. Denny Whitford, "Cross-curricular Initiatives in NCSI 170" in University of Maryland University College Online Classroom, http://campus.umuc.edu/.

Bibliographic entry:

Whitford, Denny. "Cross-curricular Initiatives in NCSI 170." In University of Maryland University College Online Classroom. http://campus.umuc.edu/.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Tip:

  • This is a suggested format. Chicago does not directly address online classroom materials.

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Conference Papers

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Library database

Has a DOI or stable or permanent link:

Note:

3. Simon Y. Liu, "Data-Intensive Research and Scientific Discovery" (Paper presentation, 40th Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference, Atlanta, GA, June 2016), http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org.ezproxy.umuc.edu/10.1109/COMPSAC.2016.260.

Bibliographic entry:

Liu, Simon Y.  "Data-Intensive Research and Scientific Discovery." Paper presented at the 40th Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference, Atlanta, GA, June 2016. http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org.ezproxy.umuc.edu/10.1109/COMPSAC.2016.260.

No DOI or stable or permanent link, use the database name:

Note:

3. Ethan S. Kallman, "Ghost Mapping: Psychogeography Meets the Academy" (Paper presentation, 10th Regional Geographers' Annual Meeting, Chatham, England, October 2003), Project MUSE.

Bibliographic entry:

Kallman, Ethan S. "Ghost Mapping: Psychogeography Meets the Academy." Paper presented at the 10th Regional Geographers' Annual Meeting, Chatham, England, October 2003. Project MUSE.

Free Web

Note:

3. Sergey Levine and Vladlen Koltun, "Continuous Inverse Optimal Control with Locally Optimal Examples" (Paper presentation, 29th International Conference on Machine Learning, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 2012), arxiv.org/pdf/1206.4617v1.pdf.

Bibliographic entry:

Levine, Sergey, and Vladlen Koltun. "Continuous Inverse Optimal Control with Locally Optimal Examples." Paper presented at the 29th Intternational Conference on Machine Learning, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 2012.  arxiv.org/pdf/1206.4617v1.pdf.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Tip:

  • Chicago does not address what to do with conference papers found in library databases.  The examples above are based on their guidance for journal articles.

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Dissertations and Theses

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Dissertations and Theses database

Note:

25. Mihwa Choi, “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty,” (PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008), ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (AAT 3300426).

Bibliographic entry:

Choi, Mihwa.“Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses (AAT 3300426).

In print

Note:

22. M. Amundin, "Click Repetition Rate Patterns in Communicative Sounds from the Harbour Porpoise, Phocoena phocoena" (PhD diss., Stockholm University, 1991), 22–29.

Bibliographic entry:

Amundin, M. "Click Repetition Rate Patterns in Communicative Sounds from the Harbour Porpoise, Phocoena phocoena." PhD diss., Stockholm University, 1991.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

Tip:

  • The type (master's thesis or PhD diss., for example), school, and date published follow the title.

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Images

     

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Library database

Note:

1. Robert Salmon, Ship in Storm, 1828, oil on canvas, 36.19 x 50.48 cm (14 1/4 x 19 7/8 in.),   Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Catalog of Art Museum Images Online.

Bibliographic entry:

Salmon, Robert. Ship in Storm. 1828. Oil on canvas, 36.19 x 50.48 cm (14 1/4 x 19 7/8 in.).   Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Catalog of Art Museum Images Online.

Free Web

Note:

1. Robert Salmon, Ship in Storm, 1828, oil on canvas, 36.19 x 50.48 cm (14 1/4 x 19 7/8 in.).   Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, https://www.mfa.org/collections/object/ship-in-storm-312114.

Bibliographic entry:

Salmon, Robert. Ship in Storm. 1828. Oil on canvas, 36.19 x 50.48 cm (14 1/4 x 19 7/8 in.),   Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, https://www.mfa.org/collections/object/ship-in-storm-312114.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

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Streaming Videos

Source

Note and Bibliographic Entry

Free Web

Note:

1. Margaret Heffernan, "Margaret Heffernan: Why it's Time to Forget the Pecking Order at Work,” filmed May 2015, TED video, 15:47, posted June 2015, https://www.ted.com/talks/margaret_ heffernan_why_it_s_time_to_forget_the_pecking_order_at_work.

Bibliographic entry:

Heffernan, Margaret. "Margaret Heffernan: Why it's Time to Forget the Pecking Order at Work." Filmed May 2015. TED video, 15:47. Posted June 2015. https://www.ted.com/talks/margaret_ heffernan_why_it_s_time_to_forget_the_pecking_order_at_work.

More info

General Rules has more information about citing multiple authors, undated sources, etc.

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