Web site citations usually require author(s) (the author may be an individual or an organization), the title of the Web site, the Web site URL and date of the Web site.
Each element needs to be reformatted and rearranged in order to comply with APA style guidelines. Add “Retrieved from” followed by the Web site URL. Do not put a period after the URL. If you think that the content of the Web site may change in the future, also add the date on which you found the Web site. Take a look at the correct format:
Bain & Company. (2009). Merger integration. Retrieved April 9, 2009, from
To cite an image you found on the web, locate these elements: Author(s), title of the image, the image URL, and the date. In this example, the image does not have a date, so use “n.d.” which stands for “no date.”
Each element needs to be reformatted and rearranged in order to comply with APA style guidelines. Add the type of image it is (inside brackets), followed by “Retrieved from” and the image URL. If you think that the image may change in the future, also add the date on which you found the image.
All the elements of an image citation are formatted like this:
Planman Consulting. (n.d.). HR people: Business partners [Chart]. Retrieved April 10, 2009, from http://www.planmanconsulting.com/images/post-merger-image3.gif
Here is the citation in the References list to which those in-text citations point:
Cartwright, S., Tytherleigh, M., & Robertson, S. (2007). Are mergers always stressful? Some evidence from the higher education sector. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 16(4), 456-478. doi:10.1080/13594320701606391
In-text citations usually require the author(s) last name and the year of publication. If there are three or more authors, only list all the authors in the first in-text citation. In subsequent in-text citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by et al. If it is a direct quotation, then you also include the page number (when available) on which the quotation appears in the original source.
Example of in-text citation for a direct quote:
“If individuals feel that their views were not listened to, their negativity towards the merger or acquisition is likely to be heightened” (Cartwright, Tytherleigh, & Robertson, 2007, p. 475).
Example of in-text citation for a paraphrase/summary:
Cartwright, Tytherleigh, and Robertson (2007) studied employees at two universities that were planning to merge: the study found that employees suffered stress over job security.
Alternatively, the whole citation can be put inside parentheses:
When two universities planned to merge, their employees suffered stress over job security (Cartwright, Tytherleigh, & Robertson, 2007).
For more citation examples, go to the UMUC library Web site.
Thanks Mike. That really explains a lot! Now that I know how to cite properly I can go back and redo my paper. I’m sure to get an “A” now.
You’re welcome. And remember, you can always contact the UMUC library if you have more questions.
The following week in the Pictograph studios lunchroom.
Hi Quentin, you look so happy!
I am, Danielle. I just got my paper back and I got an “A.” The professor even commented that my citations were excellent. I was really glad I called the UMUC librarian for help. Now I know the importance of citation in academic research as well as how to do it properly. This will really help me in all of my UMUC classes.
Those UMUC librarians are so helpful, I may take some classes there myself!
Quentin went on to finish his program at UMUC and graduated with a 4.0 grade point average. He was able to leave his executive position at Pictograph studios and he now heads his own major motion picture studio.